E-ISSN 2683-5961 | ISSN 2354-1814
 

Research Article 


MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA.

Abbas Yusuf Bazata, Zaharaddin Muhammad Kalgo, Bashar Haruna Gulumbe, Bashar Mohammed Danlami, Basiru Aliyu, Chidiebere Obi, Ayuba Abubakar Salihu.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Fura and nono is a nutritious and refreshing drink made from fermented milk and ground millet grains. In this study, the microbiology of traditional and small scale industrial production of fura and nono in Birnin Kebbi and Jega were investigated. Samples of fura and nono were collected from Birnin Kebbi emirís palace, Mini Factory JEGA and a local hawker in Jega. Food borne and spoilage pathogens were identified based on their colonial morphology, gram staining reaction and series of biochemical test. Viable colony counts, coliform test, fungal analysis and pH test were also conducted. The results revealed the highest average count of 1.25◊108 cfu/ml in the samples collected from local hawker while Birnin Kebbi emirís palace had the lowest average count of 8.3◊105 cfu/ml. The bacteria identified in fura da nono are: Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp, Lactobacillus plantarum and Escherichia coli. The fungi isolated were Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The highest pH was recorded in the sample obtained from local hawker and the lowest from the Birnin Kebbi emirís palace. The study showed the presence of food borne and spoilage pathogens in fura and nono which indicates poor hygienic practice during production. Therefore, in order to produce commercial fura da nono either at large or small-scale quantity, it is necessary to improve the acceptability, microbiological stability and hygiene of the product.
Keywords: Fura da nono, food borne, spoilage, pathogens, hygiene, production

Key words: Keywords: Fura da nono, food borne, spoilage, pathogens, hygiene, production


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bazata AY, Kalgo ZM, Gulumbe BH, Danlami BM, BA, CO, Salihu AA. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..


Web Style

Bazata AY, Kalgo ZM, Gulumbe BH, Danlami BM, BA, CO, Salihu AA. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA.. http://www.equijost.com/?mno=108313 [Access: October 17, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bazata AY, Kalgo ZM, Gulumbe BH, Danlami BM, BA, CO, Salihu AA. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bazata AY, Kalgo ZM, Gulumbe BH, Danlami BM, BA, CO, Salihu AA. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..



Harvard Style

Bazata, A. Y., Kalgo, . Z. M., Gulumbe, . B. H., Danlami, . B. M., , . B. A., , . C. O. & Salihu, . A. A. (0) MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..



Turabian Style

Bazata, Abbas Yusuf, Zaharaddin Muhammad Kalgo, Bashar Haruna Gulumbe, Bashar Mohammed Danlami, Basiru Aliyu, Chidiebere Obi, and Ayuba Abubakar Salihu. 0. MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..



Chicago Style

Bazata, Abbas Yusuf, Zaharaddin Muhammad Kalgo, Bashar Haruna Gulumbe, Bashar Mohammed Danlami, Basiru Aliyu, Chidiebere Obi, and Ayuba Abubakar Salihu. "MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA.."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bazata, Abbas Yusuf, Zaharaddin Muhammad Kalgo, Bashar Haruna Gulumbe, Bashar Mohammed Danlami, Basiru Aliyu, Chidiebere Obi, and Ayuba Abubakar Salihu. "MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA.."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bazata, A. Y., Kalgo, . Z. M., Gulumbe, . B. H., Danlami, . B. M., , . B. A., , . C. O. & Salihu, . A. A. (0) MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF FURA DA NONO PRODUCTION IN KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA..





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